The 50+ ectodermal dysplasias are recognized and named based on the specific combination of symptoms shown in affected individuals. The pattern of these features is important when a physician tries to make a formal diagnosis.

In some types, teeth may be missing and nails may be defective, while in another type there may be missing teeth, inability to sweat, and sparse hair. Still another may have hearing loss and defects of the enamel of the teeth. Each combination of abnormalities may be a distinct ectodermal dysplasia and will have a unique name.

Classifying Each Syndrome

Visit the pages below to learn more about each particular syndrome. These syndromes represent the largest groups of people who are registered with NFED with that type.

Ectodermal Dysplasia – Type Unknown

It is possible that a person could have a combination of symptoms that is unique to them and has not yet been described in the medical literature. Or, the person is just told they are affected by ectodermal dysplasia. They doctor might not know enough about the different types to give a specific diagnosis. Or, the person was diagnosed at a time when we didn’t know as much about a particular type. Learn more about type unknown. 

Other Ectodermal Dysplasia Types